18547 - Architecture and Architectural Composition 3

Scheda insegnamento

  • Teacher Antonio Esposito

  • Credits 7

  • SSD ICAR/14

  • Teaching Mode Traditional lectures

  • Language Italian

Academic Year 2017/2018

Learning outcomes

The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.

 

The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.
The student learns how to intervene on the complex reality of the historically stratified city and acquires the theoretical-practical tools that enable him to make targeted choices on urban transformations, in the context of an optics oriented to the overall reading of the urban phenomenon and a collective vision of Mutations of the urban scene, in which architectural intervention aims to take on the civic responsibilities that this entails.

Course contents

The workshop is focused on the regeneration of urban parts of cities developed in Italy in the post-war period, which have had different modes and results depending on the different cultures and territorial realities.

Because of the Italian urban government in the 1950s and 1960s, our cities, especially small and medium centers, have grown up without architectural and planning rules. Alongside the historic districts, parts of cities have been constructed with striking impacts, with residential buildings with little constructive and aesthetic value, with not coherent densities with the potential of later urban development. Regulatory Plans have consolidated in the 1970's these urban portions, as dense urban parts, excluded from the idea of a historic city as well as that of a modern city, and subjected to a rapid construction and urban deterioration.

The districts’s position in relation to the historic city and the important infrastructural axes requires urgent their formal upgrading. Should be done an organic rethinking of these neighborhoods and of the overall forma urbis. Public space, nowadays not considered in the structure of Italian cities, can regenerate the identity and the urban landscape of these neighborhoods.

The course would like to study, from a theoretical and design point of view, the possibility of refurbishing some of the neighborhoods created in the first decades of the postwar period, comparing architecture, knowledge of history and aesthetics of architecture. By focusing on the historical and aesthetic reasons of contemporary urban identity, it is possible to make plans for the historic city and urban transformations.

Lab’s activity will be applied to several districts of an Italian city, chosen for each individual student or for a small group of two or three students. Project analysis and design, although linked by a common method and intervention strategy, will be differentiated by geographical, cultural and administrative status of the various cities examined. Students will be required to develop knowledge and to formulate work hypotheses on the chosen case, which will make it possible to develop a project or purely theoretical work in the degree thesis.

Readings/Bibliography

  • Piero Camporesi, Le belle contrade, Garzanti 1992
  • Eugenio Turri, Il paesaggio come teatro, Marsilio 2003
  • Salvatore Settis, Paesaggio Costituzione Cemento, Einaudi 2010
  • Henri Lefebrve, Il diritto alla città, Marsilio 1970
  • Aldo Rossi, Considerazioni sulla morfologia urbana e la tipologia edilizia, in A.Rossi, Scritti scelti, CLUP 1975
  • José Ignacio Linazasoro; La memoria dell'ordine:paradossi dell'architettura moderna, LetteraVentidue 2015
  • Italo Calvino, La speculazione edilizia, Einaudi 1963
  • Gaetano Di Benedetto, I suoli di Izdik: dialogo sull’edificabilità, San Domenico 1997
  • Antonio Esposito, Per una riforma dei paesaggi urbani in Italia, in F.Moschini (a cura di), Gallipoli, laboratorio di progettazione, Gangemi 2016

More bibliographic references will be given during the workshop activities.

Filmography:

  • Francesco Rosi, Le mani sulla città, 1962
  • Pier Paolo Pasolini, Le mura di Sanaa, 1971
  • Paolo Brunatto, Pasolini e… la forma della città, 1974

Teaching methods

The laboratory will proceed by lectures, seminars, analysis activities, and design on the different case studies. Frontal lectures will be drawn up in direct contact with the students, in some cases will be enclosed by discussion seminars on bibliographic materials. A seminar presenting the state of progress of work will be done before the winter holiday break. Weekly will be made reviews of the analysis and design.

Assessment methods

The exam test will depend on the quality of the exercises and the discussion of the topics discussed during the lessons, with references to the bibliography of the course.

The materials needed to support the exam are:

- analytical drawings on selected case studies

- critical writings on selected case studies and bibliography of the course;

- elaborate graphs on the pre-design tutorial for the thesis

- Models

- collective laboratory dossier with the collection of materials developed during the course.

The exam will take place with the display of the graphical material related to the exercises and design. The final discussion of the exam will be articulated with the presentation by the student of the work of analysis and design, with references to lectures and bibliography.

Teaching tools

Lectures through slides projection, audio and / or video reproductions, practical exercises directly related to the theme of urban representation, collective seminars, study trips.

Office hours

See the website of Antonio Esposito